This 20th century fort is the youngest and most prominent feature at the Al Zubarah Archaeological Site, a UNESCO World Heritage site. A pristine example of a typical Arab fort, its one-meter-thick walls could ward off invaders and also helped keep the rooms cool during the hot summer months. Located adjacent to the walled coastal town of Al Zubarah, about 105 km northwest of Doha, the fort overlooks the ruins of a once bustling pearling and trading town which bore witness to fierce tribal battles in the 18th century as powerful empires fought for regional dominance.
The heavily fortified town of Al Zubarah fell to forces loyal to the Sultan of Muscat in 1811. In the 19th century it expanded into a bustling settlement that would go on to form the beginnings of the modern-day Gulf states. Today, the fort has been transformed into a museum where visitors can explore artefacts from the pearl diving era.